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Curriculum

Digital Audio Recording Arts Major 

Bachelors of Science (66-67 semester hours)
Required Core Courses: (44 semester hours)

DARA 203 Music Architectures and Structures- 3 hrs

Course Description
The intention of this course will offer opportunity for the DARA student to learn these music architectures and structures: tonality, harmony, rhythm, form and melodic textures and nuance employing state of the art music technology hardware and software and a “creativity-rich, hands-on, integrative, and culturally diverse engagement with contemporary music of many kinds,” as called for in the College Music Society Transforming Music Study from its Foundations: A Manifesto for Progressive Change in the Undergraduate Preparation of Music Majors (2014, p. 35)
There will be an emphasis on speed and class interaction to discover these tonalities, harmonies, rhythms, forms, textures and orchestrations. The operative concepts here are: listening, guessing, experimenting and finding. The big picture of what is happening musically is what will be striven for here in this course. There will be a prerequisite of MUSC191/DARA 101 where the student will have used and become familiar with Digital Audio Workstation methodology and learned major and minor keys and the chords of those keys using the foundational Keychart. There will be many lectures using this single cornerstone Keychart to which the student will continually refer. Music Architectures and Structures will develop critical listening skills and perspective in a nonlinear fashion. This will be accomplished through frequent low status group ear training quizzes. These Music Architectures and Structures will be examined in ways utilizing music technology tools along with an emphasis on creativity, improvisation, composition and the study of diverse styles of music as source material. Prerequisite MUSC 191

DARA 204 Acoustics for the Recording Artist/Audio Engineer- 3 hrs

Course Description
Understanding Acoustics the building blocks and the natural design of sound is an essential ingredient to the musician, sound engineer, and music technician. Students will learn how the physical attributes of sound waves translate into perceptual attributes such as loudness, pitch, and timbre. Students will explore how vibrations from a string, reed, lips, vocal chords and oscillators all follow inherent physical laws that exist naturally i.e. harmonic series, overtones, and partials. How an instruments design in length, building material, and construction effect its timbre and creates a unique identity, commonly defined as the “formant.” The course also discuss and demonstrate studio acoustics and treatments such as diffusers, absorbers, reflectors, and bass traps defining resonating frequencies, standing waves, phase, comb filtering, etc. The use of frequency analyzers will be used. This knowledge will teach students how to set up and design the studio for optimal monitoring to improve our listening environment for critical sound decisions.
Anatomy of the the human ear will be studied. How the ear reacts to decibels and frequencies explained by the Fletcher Munson curve. Translating acoustical relationships to digital is a necessary skill of the 21st century audio engineer. Thus students will study how the DAW translates sound waves including sound synthesis and waveform characteristics such as frequency, period, and amplitude, ADSR Envelopes, waveforms in synthesis and how they relate to acoustic instruments through Fourier theory. The effects of distortion, delays, flanging, phasing, filter types, reverb, and convolution impulses will be studied. Prerequisite MUSC 291

DARA 205 DARA OS (Original Saints) Ensemble- 1 hr*

Course description
This course is a performance ensemble focused on the development of using technology to create and perform music. The course will focus on communication between computers, DAWs, and MIDI controllers on both a technical and expressive level. Students will gain insight and skills in creation and performance of music upon instruments amplified or otherwise manipulated via digital audio software. A performance will be presented at the end of the semester. Prerequisite MUSC 191

ENTR 376 Survey of the Music Industry (WI)- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course is a big picture overview of the music business. The Music Industry is a multi-billion dollar industry run by its own set of rules from copyrights, intellectual properties, and performances. Details and contacts change rapidly, but the broad view stays relatively the same. Learning how to maneuver through these many facets of the music business will increase success. One will typically find themselves wearing many hats and pursuing multiple streams of income to find success within the music industry. This knowledge is key to staying in the game in this highly competitive industry.

ENTR 377 “My recording is finished, now what?” Music Revenues- 3 hrs

Course Description
Thousands of Recordings are made each year. 5 million artists are on Facebook. The internet provides a new way for the DIY (Do It Yourself) to promote records avoiding the strong arm of a Major label and leveling the distribution playing field. However, with so many releases how does one rise above and not get lost in the glut of material? How does an artist create his brand? Find his niche? What additional outlets and income streams can an artist pursue? Live performances, itunes, Internet Promotions, Websites, Blogs, Facebook, Twitter, youtube, TV/Film, Advertising, Merchandising, and Radio are all elements of this endeavor. These are the questions we will wrestle with and find solutions in this new millennium of being a successful musician. Prerequisite ENTR 376

MUSC 121 Our Musical Heritage- 3hrs

DARA 101 Digital Audio Recording I- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course provides an introduction to the basics of audio hardware and signal paths in tandem with the use of Digital Audio Workstations. The course will focus on the production of music like of radio spots, programing of MIDI melodies and song creation and recreation. In doing this the students will develop and gain engineering and music production skills in recording, mixing, editing, and composition. To accomplish this will require a fundamental understanding as well as a historical perspective of the architecture of music like scales, keys, chords, melody, rhythm, meter, song form, music notation, and musical textures, re-mixing loops and tempo maps, which will be covered in this class.

DARA 102 Live Sound Recording- 2 hrs

Course Description
Live Sound Recording introduces the use of minimal microphone choices, techniques, placements, and live recording equipment including mixers and live mixing to 2 tracks. Also includes multiple track recording with phasing and mixing problems, and editing the mix to the selected end-user media. The emphasis will be on capturing acoustic music and ambient sound recording; students will record a number of concerts during the semester without/ minimal use of effects processing.

DARA 201 Digital Audio Recording II- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course provides an extensive study of the Digital Audio Workstation and the hardware of audio production; i.e. microphones, microphone pre-amps and interfaces, compressors, equalizers, in essence, understanding the path to the computer as well as their virtual counterparts embedded in the DAW’s which include compressors, equalizers, delays, limiters, and reverbs of all types as well as a multitude of other digital effects. Also there will be a more comprehensive understanding of the use of the MIDI language and the use of loops in music production. Students will take an active role in session operations, and will be involved in numerous recording sessions of music with a continued emphasis on recording, mixing, editing, composition and collaboration throughout the course. Prerequisite 101

DARA 202 MIDI Composition I- 2 hrs

Course Description
Composing for MIDI I introduces students to Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) sequencing language, using audio industry standard software. The course provides an introduction to MIDI recording, routing MIDI channels, quantization, MIDI editing in Step, Score and Event editors, MIDI controllers and combining multiple MIDI sources. Students will create MIDI compositions using these techniques. Prerequisite 101

DARA 103 Live Sound Production- 2 hrs

Course Description
Live Audio Production and Sound Reinforcement introduces students to fundamental technologies and equipment used in basic and professional audio systems from a technical and functional perspective. Students will be taught the techniques and tools of sound reinforcement, live audio production, basic and advanced uses of the mixer, and monitor stage mixing for live sound reinforcement using both analog and digital mixers. Awareness of audio systems components will be combined with ear training and hands-on practice.

DARA 301 Digital Audio Recording III- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course provides ear training for recording engineers to develop an understanding of the sonic spectrum. Theory and application of recording particular voices and instruments using various types of microphones will be extensively investigated. Emphasis will be placed on recording, editing, mixing, and automating effects of digital multi track productions; various onsite-recording sessions of music and ensembles will be utilized. This course provides third level for the study of digital audio recording, assisting students in learning how the physical attributes of time, energy, and frequency translate into perceptual attributes such as loudness, pitch, and timbre and how these look in the computer in relationship to the theory and application of recording particular voices and instruments. Also being discussed will be the complexities and delicacy of the human hearing system as it relates to hearing loss and conservation. Prerequisite DARA 201

DARA 302 MIDI Composition II- 2 hrs

Course Description
MIDI Composition II provides a continuation of MIDI Composition I, integrating virtual instruments, advanced use of processing and sculpting samples, and tempo and velocity maps. Students will engage in further exploration of the more elaborate nuance of MIDI triggering architecture and MIDI file management; assessment will be based on the students MIDI compositions using this architecture. Prerequisite 202

DARA 401 Digital Audio Recording IV- 3 hrs

Course Description
Digital Recording IV emphasizes communication skills grounded in practical musical experience, participation as engineer and producer on various projects, and interacting effectively with musicians. Students will gain experience through acoustical modeling, interfacing with MIDI and virtual instruments, tempo maps, surround sound production, and data compression. Mastering digital audio–preparing final audio mix for a media release–will be examined. Students will learn the creative and technical requirements for prepping media for distribution and how to add that last coat of polish while creating their own mastered CD’s, DVD’s and mp3’s. Students will take an active and primary role in session operations and will be involved in on-site recording and will be the primary executers of the sessions. Students will master digital audio recording, through preparing final audio mix for a media release. Prerequisite DARA 301

DARA 402 Audio for Film- 2 hrs

Course Description
This course provides a foundation in standard digital audio workstations for video and film post-production. Students will learn to create sound tracks for TV, film, and multi media productions, and how to synchronize video with time code. The course also provides foundations and techniques required in the creation and the manipulation of dialogue, music, and sound effects along with the methodology of the track building process. Prerequisite DARA 302

DARA 403 Troubleshooting, Studio Etiquette- 2 hrs

Course Description
Audio File Management, Trouble-Shooting, Studio Etiquette provides students with methods to identify, limit, and cope with digital failure and minimize damage. Students will learn to protect files and safely manage, document, store and back them up. Students will also learn how to effectively collaborate with different artists in bringing their vision to life through creative problem solving and by learning the psychology of recording sessions, securely managing data, troubleshooting audio issues in recording equipment, computer, signal path, levels, noise, mixing imbalances and other recording anomalies which happen regularly. The course provides students in the DARA program with real world experience of effectively running a recording session and maintaining a studio and a recording business. Prerequisite DARA 201
*Students must complete 2 semester hours of DARA 205

Choose two courses from the following: (2 semester hours)

DARA 207 Applied Studio Guitar/Bass- 1 hr

Course Description
This course will be individualized instruction on either acoustic guitar, electric guitar, and electric bass with an emphasis on performance technique, style, genres, guitar types, characteristics especially performance in the studio. There are many directions the individualized study of Guitar/Bass can take as listed below. Ultimately the goal will be for DARA student become a more competent performer so as to generate better recordings.

DARA 208 Applied Studio Controller/Keyboard- 1 hr

Course Description
Applied Controller Techniques is a one-on-one study of the basics of midi and the techniques necessary to manipulate and program an array of controllers. Students will gain an in-depth understanding of the shapes of harmonies, melodies, and rhythms generated using midi controllers. Students will learn how to program and manipulate many different controllers. In order to promote this understanding this course will provide an in-depth look at manipulating and programing midi controllers keys, sliders, knobs, pads, foot pedals, expression pedals, modulation wheels, percussion triggers pads, and more. Students will learn how to utilize, manipulate, and program velocity, attack, sustain, release, decay, envelope, panning, EQ via the use of sliders, faders, knobs, and pads. With M-Audio’s Axiom 49, Ableton’s Push, Native Instrument’s Maschine, Novation’s Launchpad, and other midi controllers, students will learn to think in grids and patterns allowing easier identification of the shapes of music. Additionally, students will gain a greater understanding of keyboard techniques such as executing scales, chords, keys, and basic accompanying patterns on both midi keyboards and midi controllers. Students will be able to demonstrate this knowledge by programming and performing midi controller patterns in varying musical roles such as creation of loops, basic improvisation, remix possibilities, accompanying and concert performance opportunities. This course will further the process of fine-tuning students’ real-time sound designing and contouring skills and enable the students to understand and create music in a whole new way. Coursework will include active listening, midi composition, and performance.

DARA 209 Applied Studio Vocals- 1 hr

Course Description
This course will be structured as an independent study, focusing on vocal performance with emphasis on technique, style, intended audience, and authenticity. Students will explore professional approaches to session singing and live performance in different genres and for different purposes, and will record several demos, drafts, and final recordings of work pieces throughout the duration of the course.

DARA 210 Applied Studio Drums/Percussion- 1 hr

Course Description
This Course will be individualized instruction on drum set/percussion, with an emphasis on performance, technique, style, and genres. The end goal is to be able to play various styles for live or studio performances. Students will also be able to care of their own equipment and make professional choices about what they need to be successful.

any of the above listed courses can be repeated to fulfill the 2 hour requirement

 

Choose from one of the following concentrations:

Recording Artist Concentration (20 semester hours)

DARA 206 Controller Techniques- 2 hrs

Course Description
DARA Controller Techniques is the study of the basics of midi and the techniques necessary to manipulate and program an array of controllers. Students will gain an understanding of the shapes of harmonies, melodies, and rhythms generated using midi controllers. Students will learn how to program and manipulate various controllers and their keys, sliders, knobs, pads, foot pedals, expression pedals, modulation wheels, percussion triggers pads, etc. With M-Audio’s Axiom 49, Ableton’s Push, Native Instrument’s Maschine, Novation’s Launchpad, and other midi controllers, students will learn to think in grids and patterns allowing easier identification of the shapes of music. Additionally, students will gain a greater understanding of keyboard techniques such as executing scales, chords, keys, and basic accompanying patterns on both midi keyboards and midi controllers. Students will be able to demonstrate this knowledge by programming and performing midi controller patterns in varying musical roles such as creation of loops, basic improvisation, remix possibilities, accompanying and concert performance opportunities. This course will further the process of fine-tuning students’ real-time sound designing and contouring skills. Coursework will include participation in demonstrations, active listening, studying current literature, online tutorials, midi composition, and performance. Prerequisite MUSC 291 & MUSC 392

DARA 303 Elements of the Groove- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course will focus on drums, percussion, and elements of the groove. Teaching drum performance in the studio with emphasis on performance technique, style, genres, drum types, characteristics, microphone choices, microphone techniques, and recording techniques. Several demos, drafts, exercises, listening examples, and final recordings will be conducted through out the semester deconstructing and recreating classic examples. Students will learn how to build solid grooves from the ground up using different types of drums along with programming. Prerequisite MUSC 291 & MUSC 292

DARA 304 Genres of Contemporary Popular Music- 3 hrs

Course Description
Genres of Contemporary Popular Music is the study of the development of modern music. Genres covered in this course include: hip-hop, electronic dance, rock, jazz, country, rap, orchestral, ethnic music, etc. Students will explore the differences in chords, rhythms, melodic approaches and instrumentation typical to the genres studied. This course will enable students to identify specific genres, understand the social, political and historical background of each genre, and to be knowledgeable on the architecture of each genre’s rhythmic patterns, chord structure, timbre, and medium. Course work will include active listening, reading, research, and music recreation & interpretation. Prerequisite MUSC 291 & DARA 203

DARA 305 Songwriting- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course will provide an introduction to the basics of songwriting, including the creation of lyrical content, musical progressions and song structures. We will also take an analytical approach to songwriting by studying great composers and writers, evaluating and interpreting song lyrics, and exploring the relationship between form and content. Prerequisite MUS 191

Choose an additional two courses from the following: (2 semester hours)

DARA 207 Applied Studio Guitar/Bass- 1 hr

Course Description
This course will be individualized instruction on either acoustic guitar, electric guitar, and electric bass with an emphasis on performance technique, style, genres, guitar types, characteristics especially performance in the studio. There are many directions the individualized study of Guitar/Bass can take as listed below. Ultimately the goal will be for DARA student become a more competent performer so as to generate better recordings.

DARA 208 Applied Studio Controller/Keyboard- 1 hr

Course Description
Applied Controller Techniques is a one-on-one study of the basics of midi and the techniques necessary to manipulate and program an array of controllers. Students will gain an in-depth understanding of the shapes of harmonies, melodies, and rhythms generated using midi controllers. Students will learn how to program and manipulate many different controllers. In order to promote this understanding this course will provide an in-depth look at manipulating and programing midi controllers keys, sliders, knobs, pads, foot pedals, expression pedals, modulation wheels, percussion triggers pads, and more. Students will learn how to utilize, manipulate, and program velocity, attack, sustain, release, decay, envelope, panning, EQ via the use of sliders, faders, knobs, and pads. With M-Audio’s Axiom 49, Ableton’s Push, Native Instrument’s Maschine, Novation’s Launchpad, and other midi controllers, students will learn to think in grids and patterns allowing easier identification of the shapes of music. Additionally, students will gain a greater understanding of keyboard techniques such as executing scales, chords, keys, and basic accompanying patterns on both midi keyboards and midi controllers. Students will be able to demonstrate this knowledge by programming and performing midi controller patterns in varying musical roles such as creation of loops, basic improvisation, remix possibilities, accompanying and concert performance opportunities. This course will further the process of fine-tuning students’ real-time sound designing and contouring skills and enable the students to understand and create music in a whole new way. Coursework will include active listening, midi composition, and performance.

DARA 209 Applied Studio Vocals- 1 hr

Course Description
This course will be structured as an independent study, focusing on vocal performance with emphasis on technique, style, intended audience, and authenticity. Students will explore professional approaches to session singing and live performance in different genres and for different purposes, and will record several demos, drafts, and final recordings of work pieces throughout the duration of the course.

DARA 210 Applied Studio Drums/Percussion- 1 hr

Course Description
This Course will be individualized instruction on drum set/percussion, with an emphasis on performance, technique, style, and genres. The end goal is to be able to play various styles for live or studio performances. Students will also be able to care of their own equipment and make professional choices about what they need to be successful.
any of the above listed courses can be repeated to fulfill the 2 hour requirement

Choose three courses hours from the following: (3 semester hours)

DARA 205 DARA OS (Original Saints) Ensemble- 1 hr

Course description
This course is a performance ensemble focused on the development of using technology to create and perform music. The course will focus on communication between computers, DAWs, and MIDI controllers on both a technical and expressive level. Students will gain insight and skills in creation and performance of music upon instruments amplified or otherwise manipulated via digital audio software. A performance will be presented at the end of the semester. Prerequisite MUSC 191

MUSC 271 Schola Cantorum- 1 hr

Course description
performs a variety of choral literature ranging from Gregorian Chant to contemporary works and presents a concert at the end of each semester. The ensemble is open to all students. Audition required for participation. (May be repeated to a maximum of 8 semester hours.)

MUSC 272 Concert Chorale- 1 hr

Course description
a university/community ensemble that sings a variety of choral literature, including large choral works.

MUSC 273 The Singing Saints- 1 hr

Course description
provides performance opportunities for all students. The ensemble sings a variety of lighter choral literature. Audition or invitation required for participation. (May be repeated to a maximum of 8 semester hours.)

MUSC 274 Music Theatre/Opera Theatre- 1 hr

MUSC 275 Joliet Symphony Orchestra (JSO)- 1 hr

Course description
the JSO is an orchestra consisting of students from the University of St. Francis as well as members of the community. The orchestra performs a variety of symphonic literature from various historical eras. Prerequisite: audition/permission of director. May be repeated to a maximum of 8 semester hours.

MUSC 276 Instrumental Chamber Ensemble- 1 hr

any of the above listed courses can be repeated to fulfill the 3 hour requirement

Choose two courses of the following: (4 semester hours)

DARA 307 Vocals in the Studio- 2 hrs

Course Description
This course will focus on vocal performance in the studio with emphasis on technique, style, intended audience, performance integrity, and authenticity. Students will explore professional approaches to “session singing” in different genres and for different purposes, and will record several demos, drafts, and final recordings of work pieces throughout the duration of the course. Prerequisite DARA 101

DARA 308 Strings, Brass, Woodwinds in the Studio- 2 hrs

Course Description
This course will focus on Brass, Strings, & Woodwinds in the studio. Understanding specific idiosyncrasies of the instruments themselves such as techniques, styles, tones, and range. The best microphone choice and placement for capturing the best tones while recording. Replicating acoustic instruments with virtual instruments. Arranging and composing techniques. Prerequisite DARA 201 & DARA 302

DARA 309 Guitars in the Studio- 2 hrs

Course Description
This course will focus on acoustic guitar, electric guitar, and electric bass performance in the studio with emphasis on performance technique, style, genres, guitar types, characteristics, microphone choices, microphone techniques, and recording techniques. Several demos, drafts, exercises, listening examples, and final recordings will be conducted through out the semester deconstructing and recreating classic examples. Students will learn how to build solid rhythm tracks using layering, doubling parts, combinations, and the kick-bass relationship. Sound enhancement using plugin simulators and reamping will be studied. Tricks of the trade will be shared such as no long cable runs. new strings, alternate tuning, hi strung guitar, and use of the capo. Preparing music charts for the studio using the Nashville number system and chart nomenclature. Amplifiers and speaker cabinets will be discussed including a basic understanding of ohm, watts, and cabling. Prerequisite DARA 201

DARA 310 Music for Gaming- 2 hrs

Course Description
This course explores the application of non-linear composition techniques in the production of dramatic music for use in interactive games. Students will learn techniques of composing music that will ultimately be controlled through game play and game audio engines. The class will explore building scores that involve multilevel dramatic elements and instantaneous transitions, as is common in most interactive games. Students will develop skills to program their music into game engines. Prerequisite DARA 201 & DARA 302

Audio Engineer Concentration (20 semester hours)

DARA 206 Controller Techniques- 2 hrs

Course Description
DARA Controller Techniques is the study of the basics of midi and the techniques necessary to manipulate and program an array of controllers. Students will gain an understanding of the shapes of harmonies, melodies, and rhythms generated using midi controllers. Students will learn how to program and manipulate various controllers and their keys, sliders, knobs, pads, foot pedals, expression pedals, modulation wheels, percussion triggers pads, etc. With M-Audio’s Axiom 49, Ableton’s Push, Native Instrument’s Maschine, Novation’s Launchpad, and other midi controllers, students will learn to think in grids and patterns allowing easier identification of the shapes of music. Additionally, students will gain a greater understanding of keyboard techniques such as executing scales, chords, keys, and basic accompanying patterns on both midi keyboards and midi controllers. Students will be able to demonstrate this knowledge by programming and performing midi controller patterns in varying musical roles such as creation of loops, basic improvisation, remix possibilities, accompanying and concert performance opportunities. This course will further the process of fine-tuning students’ real-time sound designing and contouring skills. Coursework will include participation in demonstrations, active listening, studying current literature, online tutorials, midi composition, and performance. Prerequisite DARA 201 & DARA 302

DARA 303 Elements of the Groove- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course will focus on drums, percussion, and elements of the groove. Teaching drum performance in the studio with emphasis on performance technique, style, genres, drum types, characteristics, microphone choices, microphone techniques, and recording techniques. Several demos, drafts, exercises, listening examples, and final recordings will be conducted through out the semester deconstructing and recreating classic examples. Students will learn how to build solid grooves from the ground up using different types of drums along with programming. Prerequisite DARA 201 & DARA 202

DARA 304 Genres of Contemporary Popular Music- 3 hrs

Course Description
Genres of Contemporary Popular Music is the study of the development of modern music. Genres covered in this course include: hip-hop, electronic dance, rock, jazz, country, rap, orchestral, ethnic music, etc. Students will explore the differences in chords, rhythms, melodic approaches and instrumentation typical to the genres studied. This course will enable students to identify specific genres, understand the social, political and historical background of each genre, and to be knowledgeable on the architecture of each genre’s rhythmic patterns, chord structure, timbre, and medium. Course work will include active listening, reading, research, and music recreation & interpretation. Prerequisite DARA 201 & DARA 103

DARA 307 Vocals in the Studio- 2 hrs

DARA 307 : Vocals in the Studio
Course Description
This course will focus on vocal performance in the studio with emphasis on technique, style, intended audience, performance integrity, and authenticity. Students will explore professional approaches to “session singing” in different genres and for different purposes, and will record several demos, drafts, and final recordings of work pieces throughout the duration of the course. Prerequisite DARA 101

DARA 308 Strings, Brass, Woodwinds in the Studio- 2 hrs

Course Description
This course will focus on Brass, Strings, & Woodwinds in the studio.   Understanding specific idiosyncrasies of the instruments themselves such as techniques, styles, tones, and range. The best microphone choice and placement for capturing the best tones while recording. Replicating acoustic instruments with virtual instruments. Arranging and composing techniques. Prerequisite DARA 201 & DARA 302

DARA 309 Guitars in the Studio- 2 hrs

Course Description
This course will focus on acoustic guitar, electric guitar, and electric bass performance in the studio with emphasis on performance technique, style, genres, guitar types, characteristics, microphone choices, microphone techniques, and recording techniques. Several demos, drafts, exercises, listening examples, and final recordings will be conducted through out the semester deconstructing and recreating classic examples. Students will learn how to build solid rhythm tracks using layering, doubling parts, combinations, and the kick-bass relationship. Sound enhancement using plugin simulators and reamping will be studied. Tricks of the trade will be shared such as no long cable runs. new strings, alternate tuning, hi strung guitar, and use of the capo. Preparing music charts for the studio using the Nashville number system and chart nomenclature. Amplifiers and speaker cabinets will be discussed including a basic understanding of ohm, watts, and cabling. Prerequisite DARA 201

ENTR 498 Music Industry Internship- 3 hrs*

Course Description
This course is an experiential learning experience designed to enhance and deepen a student‘s competence while offering the opportunity to integrate theory and practice. Students will work full-time or part-time in the workplace. Prerequisite: must meet internship guidelines.
As a component of the DARA Major students will serve internships in critical sectors of the music industry.  This will allow the student to apply their skills in a real and practical situation.  The main objectives of the internship are to allow students the opportunity to observe and participate in the operation of successful businesses related to their field of study.  Students will gain the experience they need to enter the field upon graduation.
Prerequisite: Approval from Academic Advisor
*ENTR 498 is required within the Core requirements and the Audio Engineer Concentration for a total of 6 semester hours)

Choose one of the following: (3 semester hours)

DARA 305 Songwriting- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course will provide an introduction to the basics of songwriting, including the creation of lyrical content, musical progressions and song structures. We will also take an analytical approach to songwriting by studying great composers and writers, evaluating and interpreting song lyrics, and exploring the relationship between form and content. Prerequisite DARA 101

DARA 306 MAX for Ableton Live- 3 hrs

Course description:
This course is an introduction to the theory and practice of algorithm design, electronic sound synthesis, and signal processing using Max for Ableton Live. Graphic programming languages taught during this course are intended to provide experience in applications of computer logic, external controller integration, and a practical understanding of the fundamental techniques used in digital signal processing (DSP). In addition, this course will offer many real world examples of the use of computer music synthesis in academic and popular music, as well as the music technology industry. Topics include audio software development, simple interactive systems, and custom audio plug-ins. Prerequisite DARA 201 & DARA 302

Music Industry Entrepreneur Concentration (21 semester hours)

ACCT 124 Survey of Accounting & Budgeting- 3 hrs

Course Description
Provides an overview of the basic topics of financial and managerial accounting. Emphasis is placed on how the accounting reports are used by managers, investors and other business stakeholders. Students will investigate how transactions impact the three primary financial statements, showing the integrated nature of accounting. Various managerial accounting topics will be introduces as a system of producing information for use in internally managing a business. Registration limited to degree completion and MBA/MSM students.

ENTR 370 Entrepreneurship- 3 hrs

Course Description
Introduces students to the entrepreneurial process; decision to become an entrepreneur, developing successful business ideas, moving from an idea to an entrepreneurial firm, managing and growing and entrepreneurial firm. The course will place special emphasis on opportunity recognition and feasibility analysis as the foundation for a vibrant successful business

ENTR 378 Music Licensing- 3 hrs

Course Description
Music synchronized to a moving image accounts for millions of dollars annually in revenue to copyright owners. Music licensing can lead to massive exposure of music as well as a large and steady income streams. The course is intended for students who are interested in learning the how to license their music for television, film, commercials, video games, the internet, and public performances, as well as students who are interested in learning the art of music supervision, and learn how to choose music and obtain a license from copyright owners. Prerequisite
ENTR 376 Survey of the Music Industry (WI)

ENTR 498 Music Industry Internship- 3hrs*

Course Description
This course is an experiential learning experience designed to enhance and deepen a student‘s competence while offering the opportunity to integrate theory and practice. Students will work full-time or part-time in the workplace. Prerequisite: must meet internship guidelines.
As a component of the DARA Major students will serve internships in critical sectors of the music industry.  This will allow the student to apply their skills in a real and practical situation.  The main objectives of the internship are to allow students the opportunity to observe and participate in the operation of successful businesses related to their field of study.  Students will gain the experience they need to enter the field upon graduation.
Prerequisite: Approval from Academic Advisor
*ENTR 498 is required within the Core requirements and in the Music Industry Concentration for a total of 6 semester hours)

Choose three of the following courses (9 semester hours)

ENTR 375 Business Plan Development- 3 hrs

Course Description
The primary focus of this course is the process of creating a new business, specifically developing the complete business plan describing the new venture. Students will take a preliminary business concept and develop a full business plan including the marketing plan, operating model, financial plan, and funding plan. Students will present their business plan and funding request to a potential investor(s); most likely a group of angel investors. Students are expected to do an internship immediately following or concurrent with the course to implement the business plan developed. Additionally, students are encouraged to concurrently enroll in ENTR 493: Entrepreneurship Lab; this course includes experiential learning activities related to new venture design and creation. Prerequisite: MGMT 370 – Entrepreneurship; Junior Standing

ENTR 379 Independent Record Label Management- 3 hrs

Course Description
The course is intended for students who are interested in developing, managing or contributing to a business dedicated towards generating income from music. Specifically, it examines the history, functions and management of an independent music company. Prerequisite ENTR 376 Survey of the Music Industry (WI)

FINC 375 Entrepreneurial and Small Business Finance- 3 hrs

Course Description
Focuses on developing a sound capital structure and funding plan for new ventures and growing small businesses. This course will cover capital sources including angel funding, venture capital, private equity, senior bank debt, subordinated/mezzanine financing etc. The course will also discuss topics such as budgeting/profit planning, cash flow management/forecasting, managing working capital, etc. Students will prepare two significant presentations during the course: one will be a pitchbook to solicit investors to fund a new venture; the other will be a plan of finance presentation to request a bank loan. Prerequisite: FINC 242

MGMT 150 Management and Organizational Behavior- 3 hrs

Course Description
Provides an overview of management principles; emphasis is given to the functions of management (planning, organizing, staffing, motivating, and controlling). The course analyzes and ties together those things that managers should be aware of in the pursuit of good organizational performance.

MKTG 175 Principles of Marketing- 3 hrs

Course Description
Introduces students to the study of marketing as a process of planning and executing product development, pricing, promotion and distribution of ideas, goods and services to accomplish organized objectives. Some of the topics covered are the marketing process, marketing research, consumer behavior, channels of distribution, industrial marketing, pricing, promotion, and international marketing.

MKTG 372 Internet Marketing and E-Commerce- 3 hrs

Course Description
Is designed to provide students with an overview of Internet marketing strategy with an emphasis on developing the marketing mix strategies within that context. The course will show how the Internet and other technologies have moved firms to consider on-line branding as a co- equal to traditional off-line branding strategies. Ethical issues will be emphasized throughout the course. Prerequisite: MKTG 175.

Professional Audio for User Generated Content Concentration (21 semester hours)

MKTG 175 Principles of Marketing- 3hrs

Course Description
Introduces students to the study of marketing as a process of planning and executing product development, pricing, promotion and distribution of ideas, goods and services to accomplish organized objectives. Some of the topics covered are the marketing process, marketing research, consumer behavior, channels of distribution, industrial marketing, pricing, promotion, and international marketing.

MKTG 372 Internet Marketing and E-Commerce- 3hrs

Course Description
Is designed to provide students with an overview of Internet marketing strategy with an emphasis on developing the marketing mix strategies within that context. The course will show how the Internet and other technologies have moved firms to consider on-line branding as a co- equal to traditional off-line branding strategies. Ethical issues will be emphasized throughout the course. Prerequisite MKTG 175

DARA 320 User Generated Content I- 3 hrs

Course Description
User Generated Content 1 (UGC 1) introduces students to the beginning process of importing and editing content captured on accessible audio/video components. A primary focus in UGC 1, will be the audio aspect of user generated content. Using audio industry standard software, students will learn about capturing quality audio and the editing process. Additionally, students will learn the basics of script writing, choosing affordable equipment, and some lighting techniques. UGC 1 will focus on generating content for media platforms such as: YouTube, Vimeo, website population, audiobooks, podcasting, and more. Prerequisite DARA 201

DARA 321 User Generated Content II- 3 hrs

Course Description
User Generated Content 2 (UGC 2) builds upon students’ knowledge of content covered in UGC 1. UGC 2 begins to delve deeper into the audio capturing and editing process, as well as beginning to instruct students on more specific lighting and audio approaches. Students will create more advanced media projects, and be held to an even higher standard of audio clarity. Additionally, students will practice recreating certain media “looks” and shots. UGC 2 will focus using affordable equipment to generating quality content for media platforms such as: YouTube, Vimeo, webpage population, audiobooks, podcasts, and more. Prerequisite DARA 321

ENTR 401 Optimization and Monetization of UGC- 3 hrs

Course Description
Content creators now have the ability to post their work online at no cost; yet their work may be able to generate income. User generated content of video and audio uploads has created greater traffic for online branded sites, resulting in greater revenue generation than ever before. This course will explain the marketing, management, and income generating practices of user generated content for the individual content creator.  Prerequisite DARA 321

DARA 322 Storyboarding & Script Writing for UGC- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course will provide the fundamental building blocks for script-writing and storyboarding in the area of audio and video-based content creation with particular regard to media meant for streaming and downloading; this includes blog style videos, instructional content, promotional and marketing content, educational content, and personal content. Along with instruction in the area of creating quality content, we will touch on several aspects of using the internet as an outlet for this type of content, including the use of different hosting and social media outlets, how to create playlists for videos, audio books and blogs or “vlogs,” and an intro to the realm of gathering affiliates, product placement, advertising and other means of gaining revenue with said content.  Prerequisite DARA 320

DARA 420 UGC Practicum- 3 hrs

Course Description
The UGC Practicum is the culmination of students’ UGC portfolio building process. Students will create their individual user channel, as well as a channel where the best of USF UGC media content will reside. This will allow students to demonstrate their abilities to potential employers and to heighten awareness as a content entrepreneur. This practicum is a place where students will create, review, analyze, and present their user generated content, demonstrating their knowledge learned from previous UGC courses. Because of the extensive weekly submissions, students will buildout their portfolio, and the critical evaluation received from their peers and instructor will provide opportunity for students to sharpen their work. There will be an emphasis on creating videos that feature departments in the university, local businesses, and community centers and events.  Prerequisite DARA 321

Music Major with a concentration in Digital Audio Recording

Concentration Requirements (24 credit hours)

Digital Recording I- 3 hrs
Digital Recording II- 3 hrs
Digital Recording III- 3 hrs
Digital Recording IV- 3 hrs
MIDI composition I- 2 hrs
MIDI Composition II- 2 hrs
Live Sound Recording- 2 hrs
Live Audio Production & Sound Reinforcement- 2 hrs
Audio for Film/Post Production- 2 hrs
Troubleshooting/Studio Etiquette- 2 hrs

Music Theory and Musicianship (12 credit hours)

Music Theory I- 2 hrs
Music Theory II- 2 hrs
Music Theory III- 2 hrs
Music Theory IV: Twentieth Century Music- 2 hrs
Ear-Training/Sight-Singing I- 1 hr
Ear-Training/Sight-Singing II- 1 hr
Ear-Training/Sight-Singing III- 1 hr
Ear-Training/Sight-Singing IV- 1 hr

Music History and Literature (9 credit hours)

Music History I- 3 hrs
Music History II- 3 hrs
Introduction to Ethnomusicology- 3 hrs

Performance Skills/Applied Music (8 credit hours)

Applied Voice, Piano or Instrumental Music (5)
Music majors with a concentration in DARA must take a minimum of 5 semesters of applied music in one area: voice, piano or instrumental music.
Concert/Recital Attendance- 0 hrs
Full time music majors must enroll every semester. Course is a transcript requirement for graduation. No credit is awarded.
Keyboard Skills–Class Piano- 1 hr
Music Majors must pass a keyboard proficiency exam by the end of the first semester of their Junior year. They may test out of the Keyboard Skills Classes at any time. Students who pass the exam with fewer than 4 credit hours may take hours in any other music course(s) to complete the 4 required credit hours in this area. MUSC 151 may be repeated for credit three times (total 4 hours).
Conducting I (2)
Junior Capstone Project- 0 hrs
Senior Capstone Project- 0 hrs

Performance Ensemble (7 credit hours)

Select from: Schola Cantorum- 1 hr
The Singing Saints- 1 hr Music/Opera Theatre- 1 hr
Joliet Symphony Orchestra- 1 hr Instrumental Chamber Ensemble- 1 hr

Full time students must participate in at least one ensemble per semester. A minimum of seven credit hours of performance ensemble is required for graduation.

The DARA concentration in the Music Department will remain in place. This concentration in DARA will continue to enhance the Music Department for those students who want to pursue Music degrees. The DARA concentration has shown to work well for Music transfer students that have been on a traditional music coursework track and want to gain a recording /music technology component.

USF Dara Minor (20 semester hours)

DARA 101 Digital Audio Recording I- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course provides an introduction to the basics of audio hardware and signal paths in tandem with the use of Digital Audio Workstations. The course will focus on the production of music like of radio spots, programing of MIDI melodies and song creation and recreation. In doing this the students will develop and gain engineering and music production skills in recording, mixing, editing, and composition. To accomplish this will require a fundamental understanding as well as a historical perspective of the architecture of music like scales, keys, chords, melody, rhythm, meter, song form, music notation, and musical textures, re-mixing loops and tempo maps, which will be covered in this class.

DARA 102 Live Sound Recording- 2 hrs

Course Description
Live Sound Recording introduces the use of minimal microphone choices, techniques, placements, and live recording equipment including mixers and live mixing to 2 tracks. Also includes multiple track recording with phasing and mixing problems, and editing the mix to the selected end-user media. The emphasis will be on capturing acoustic music and ambient sound recording; students will record a number of concerts during the semester without/ minimal use of effects processing.

DARA 201 Digital Audio Recording II- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course provides an extensive study of the Digital Audio Workstation and the hardware of audio production; i.e. microphones, microphone pre-amps and interfaces, compressors, equalizers, in essence, understanding the path to the computer as well as their virtual counterparts embedded in the DAW’s which include compressors, equalizers, delays, limiters, and reverbs of all types as well as a multitude of other digital effects. Also there will be a more comprehensive understanding of the use of the MIDI language and the use of loops in music production. Students will take an active role in session operations, and will be involved in numerous recording sessions of music with a continued emphasis on recording, mixing, editing, composition and collaboration throughout the course. Prerequisite DARA 101

DARA 202 MIDI Composition I- 2 hrs

Course Description
Composing for MIDI I introduces students to Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) sequencing language, using audio industry standard software. The course provides an introduction to MIDI recording, routing MIDI channels, quantization, MIDI editing in Step, Score and Event editors, MIDI controllers and combining multiple MIDI sources. Students will create MIDI compositions using these techniques. Prerequisite 101

DARA 103 Live Sound Production- 2 hrs

Course Description
Live Audio Production and Sound Reinforcement introduces students to fundamental technologies and equipment used in basic and professional audio systems from a technical and functional perspective. Students will be taught the techniques and tools of sound reinforcement, live audio production, basic and advanced uses of the mixer, and monitor stage mixing for live sound reinforcement using both analog and digital mixers. Awareness of audio systems components will be combined with ear training and hands-on practice.

DARA 301 Digital Audio Recording III- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course provides ear training for recording engineers to develop an understanding of the sonic spectrum. Theory and application of recording particular voices and instruments using various types of microphones will be extensively investigated. Emphasis will be placed on recording, editing, mixing, and automating effects of digital multi track productions; various onsite-recording sessions of music and ensembles will be utilized. This course provides third level for the study of digital audio recording, assisting students in learning how the physical attributes of time, energy, and frequency translate into perceptual attributes such as loudness, pitch, and timbre and how these look in the computer in relationship to the theory and application of recording particular voices and instruments. Also being discussed will be the complexities and delicacy of the human hearing system as it relates to hearing loss and conservation. Prerequisite DARA 201

DARA 302 MIDI Composition II- 2 hrs

Course Description
MIDI Composition II provides a continuation of MIDI Composition I, integrating virtual instruments, advanced use of processing and sculpting samples, and tempo and velocity maps. Students will engage in further exploration of the more elaborate nuance of MIDI triggering architecture and MIDI file management; assessment will be based on the students MIDI compositions using this architecture. Prerequisite 202

DARA 401 Digital Audio Recording IV- 3 hrs

Course Description
Digital Recording IV emphasizes communication skills grounded in practical musical experience, participation as engineer and producer on various projects, and interacting effectively with musicians. Students will gain experience through acoustical modeling, interfacing with MIDI and virtual instruments, tempo maps, surround sound production, and data compression. Mastering digital audio–preparing final audio mix for a media release–will be examined. Students will learn the creative and technical requirements for prepping media for distribution and how to add that last coat of polish while creating their own mastered CD’s, DVD’s and mp3’s. Students will take an active and primary role in session operations and will be involved in on-site recording and will be the primary executers of the sessions. Students will master digital audio recording, through preparing final audio mix for a media release. Prerequisite DARA 301

User Generated Content Development Minor (21 semester hours)

DARA 101 Digital Audio Recording I- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course provides an introduction to the basics of audio hardware and signal paths in tandem with the use of Digital Audio Workstations. The course will focus on the production of music like of radio spots, programing of MIDI melodies and song creation and recreation. In doing this the students will develop and gain engineering and music production skills in recording, mixing, editing, and composition. To accomplish this will require a fundamental understanding as well as a historical perspective of the architecture of music like scales, keys, chords, melody, rhythm, meter, song form, music notation, and musical textures, re-mixing loops and tempo maps, which will be covered in this class.

DARA 201 Digital Audio Recording II- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course provides an extensive study of the Digital Audio Workstation and the hardware of audio production; i.e. microphones, microphone pre-amps and interfaces, compressors, equalizers, in essence, understanding the path to the computer as well as their virtual counterparts embedded in the DAW’s which include compressors, equalizers, delays, limiters, and reverbs of all types as well as a multitude of other digital effects. Also there will be a more comprehensive understanding of the use of the MIDI language and the use of loops in music production. Students will take an active role in session operations, and will be involved in numerous recording sessions of music with a continued emphasis on recording, mixing, editing, composition and collaboration throughout the course. Prerequisite 101

DARA 320 User Generated Content I- 3 hrs

Course Description
User Generated Content 1 (UGC 1) introduces students to the beginning process of importing and editing content captured on accessible audio/video components. A primary focus in UGC 1, will be the audio aspect of user generated content. Using audio industry standard software, students will learn about capturing quality audio and the editing process. Additionally, students will learn the basics of script writing, choosing affordable equipment, and some lighting techniques. UGC 1 will focus on generating content for media platforms such as: YouTube, Vimeo, website population, audiobooks, podcasting, and more. Prerequisite DARA 201

DARA 321 User Generated Content II- 3 hrs

Course Description
User Generated Content 2 (UGC 2) builds upon students’ knowledge of content covered in UGC 1. UGC 2 begins to delve deeper into the audio capturing and editing process, as well as beginning to instruct students on more specific lighting and audio approaches. Students will create more advanced media projects, and be held to an even higher standard of audio clarity. Additionally, students will practice recreating certain media “looks” and shots. UGC 2 will focus using affordable equipment to generating quality content for media platforms such as: YouTube, Vimeo, webpage population, audiobooks, podcasts, and more. Prerequisite DARA 321

ENTR 401 Optimization and Monetization of UGC- 3 hrs

Course Description
Content creators now have the ability to post their work online at no cost; yet their work may be able to generate income. User generated content of video and audio uploads has created greater traffic for online branded sites, resulting in greater revenue generation than ever before. This course will explain the marketing, management, and income generating practices of user generated content for the individual content creator.  Prerequisite DARA 321

DARA 322 Storyboarding & Script Writing for UGC- 3 hrs

Course Description
This course will provide the fundamental building blocks for script-writing and storyboarding in the area of audio and video-based content creation with particular regard to media meant for streaming and downloading; this includes blog style videos, instructional content, promotional and marketing content, educational content, and personal content. Along with instruction in the area of creating quality content, we will touch on several aspects of using the internet as an outlet for this type of content, including the use of different hosting and social media outlets, how to create playlists for videos, audio books and blogs or “vlogs,” and an intro to the realm of gathering affiliates, product placement, advertising and other means of gaining revenue with said content.  Prerequisite DARA 320

DARA 420 UGC Practicum- 3 hrs

Course Description
The UGC Practicum is the culmination of students’ UGC portfolio building process. Students will create their individual user channel, as well as a channel where the best of USF UGC media content will reside. This will allow students to demonstrate their abilities to potential employers and to heighten awareness as a content entrepreneur. This practicum is a place where students will create, review, analyze, and present their user generated content, demonstrating their knowledge learned from previous UGC courses. Because of the extensive weekly submissions, students will buildout their portfolio, and the critical evaluation received from their peers and instructor will provide opportunity for students to sharpen their work. There will be an emphasis on creating videos that feature departments in the university, local businesses, and community centers and events.  Prerequisite DARA 321